Nevertheless, for the first years of her rule, Mary managed well, with the aid of her natural half-brother James, earl of Moray, and helped in particular by her policy of religious tolerance.Nor were all the Scots averse to the spectacle of a pretty young queen creating a graceful court life and enjoying her progresses round the country.
Impulsively, Mary sought refuge in England with her cousin Elizabeth.
Nevertheless, the most obvious explanation—that those responsible were the nobles who hated Darnley—is the most likely one.
Whatever Mary’s foreknowledge of the crime, her conduct thereafter was fatally unwise and showed how much she lacked wise counselors in Scotland.
Mary, byname Mary, Queen of Scots, original name Mary Stuart or Mary Stewart, (born December 8, 1542, Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scotland—died February 8, 1587, Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England), queen of Scotland (1542–67) and queen consort of France (1559–60).
Her unwise marital and political actions provoked rebellion among the Scottish nobles, forcing her to flee to England, where she was eventually beheaded as a Roman Catholic threat to the English throne.
But in fact Bothwell as a consort proved no more acceptable to the jealous Scottish nobility than Darnley had been.