In the highly publicized People's Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land; the National Guard was called in and violence erupted.
Then governor of California Ronald Reagan called the Berkeley campus "...a haven for communist sympathizers, protesters, and sex deviants".
The 2008–13 Campaign for Berkeley raised .13 billion from 281,855 donors.
The original name, University of California, was frequently shortened to California or Cal.
Berkeley is also ranked 18th internationally among research universities in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, 6th in the 2017 Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings.
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The institute was later moved to the Berkeley Hills.
The institute is now widely regarded as a leading center for collaborative mathematical research, drawing thousands of visiting researchers from around the world each year., the Simons Foundation gave million to establish the Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing, and, in 2016, Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan pledged 0 million (shared with Stanford and UCSF) to establish the Bio Hub.
In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became the first president.
With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings, and sponsoring, in 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan.
Because it lacked sufficient funds to operate, it eventually merged with the state-run Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College to form the University of California, the first full-curriculum public university in the state.